Batik is historically derived from the days of our fathers, known since the seventeenth century, written and painted on palm leaves. At that time batik motif or pattern is still dominated by the shapes of animals and plants. But in the history of batik development progressed, the motifs of the paintings of animals and plants slowly turned to abstract motif that resembles a cloud, temple reliefs, puppet beber and so on. Furthermore, through the merger with the art style paintings decorating clothing, batik art emerged as we know it today.The type and style of traditional batik quite so much, but the pattern and its variations in accordance with the philosophy and culture of each region are very diverse. The cultural treasures of this rich Indonesia has led to the birth of various shades and types of batik with a characteristic tradisioanal own specialty.Development of Batik in IndonesiaHistory of batik in Indonesia related to the development of the Majapahit kingdom and later empire. In some records, the development of batik is mostly done in times of Mataram kingdom, then in the kingdom of Solo and Yogyakarta.Batik art is art image on the cloth for clothing that was one of a family culture of the kings of ancient Indonesia. Batik initially worked in the palace alone are limited and the results for the king's clothing and family and his followers. Because many of the followers of the king who lived outside the palace, the art of batik was brought by the palace and carried them out in place of each.In the development of this batik art gradually imitated by the people nearest and further expanded into the work of women in the household to fill leisure time. Furthermore, batik clothes that used only the royal family, became a popular folk clothing, both women and men.White fabric that is used when it is the result of homespun. Coloring materials are being used consists of plants native to Indonesia that is made, among others of: noni tree, tall, Soga, indigo, and the material made from soda ash soda, and salt is made of mud.So this batik in Indonesia has been known since the time of the Majapahit kingdom and continued to grow until the next kingdom. As for starting the spread of this batik art belongs to the people of Indonesia and Java in particular tribe is after the end of the eighteenth century or early nineteenth century. Produced batik batik is all up to the early twentieth century and is known batik new world of unity after the war or about the year 1920. Now, batik has become part of Indonesia's traditional clothing.Batik PekalonganAlthough no official records began to be known when the batik in Pekalongan, but according to estimates already in Pekalongan batik around the year 1800. In fact, according to data recorded at the Ministry, there is a motif that made 1802, like a small tree motif in the form of clothing material.However, significant development is expected to occur after a major war in the year 1825-1830 in Mataram kingdom which is often referred to war or war Diponegoro Java. With the onset of this battle royal family and urged his followers to leave many areas of the kingdom. They then spread to the East and West. Later in the area - a new area that the family and followers develop batik.To the east of Solo and Yogyakarta batik batik patterns that have been perfected in Mojokerto and Tulungagung to spread to Gresik, Surabaya and Madura. Westward batik being developed in Banyumas, Kebumen, Tegal, Cirebon and Pekalongan. Given this migration, the batik Pekalongan preexisting growing.Over time, Batik Pekalongan have evolved considerably in comparison with other regions. Batik in this area developed around the coastal areas, namely in the area of the city and county Buaran Pekalongan, Pekajangan and Wonopringgo.Pekalongan public encounter with the various nations such as China, Dutch, Arabic, Indian, Malay and Japanese in ancient times have been Coloring dynamics in full color motif and the art of batik.In connection with it some kind of motif influence the results of various countries came to be known as the identity of Pekalongan batik. As for motive, among others Jlamprang inspired batik from India and Arabia, batik and Klengenan Encim, influenced by the Peranakan Chinese, Dutch Morning Afternoon batik and batik Hokokai, growing rapidly since the Japanese occupation.Cultural development of printing techniques using a dye motif caps the night (candles) on the cloth which was then called batik, it can not be separated from the influence of those countries. This shows the flexibility of batik context of the times.Pekalongan batik became highly distinctive because it relies entirely on hundreds of small businesses, rather than on a handful of capital-intensive businesses. Since the past decades up to now, most of Pekalongan batik production process is done in homes. As a result, Pekalongan batik closely integrated with community life Pekalongan is now divided into two administrative regions, namely the District Municipality of Pekalongan and Pekalongan.Pekalongan batik tidal development, Pekalongan show worthy of being an icon for the development of batik in the archipelago. Icon for art works that never gave up with the times and always dynamic. Now, batik has become a breath of everyday life Pekalongan residents and is one of the flagship product. That is because the number of industries that produce batik. Because it is famous for its batik products, known as the City Pekalongan Batik. The nickname comes from a long tradition rooted in Pekalongan. During that long period, various properties, the variety of uses, type design, and quality of batik is determined by the climate and the presence of fibers of local, historical factors, trade and people's readiness to accept and understand new ideas.Batik is a work of art and culture are admired the world, among the traditional variety produced by dye technology hurdles, none of which can be present as beautiful and as smooth as Pekalongan batik.
By: Agnes Monica -